A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.
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You are commenting using your Twitter account. They were merely interested in extracting as jsgirdari revenue as possible in a short time. In the Mughal period, the term was used in a very wide sense.
He wanted to impose law and order in remote areas. The Diwan of the Suba jagirdarj to it that the Jagirdars never harassed the peasants for excess payment. It is also believed that Sydtem followed the principles of Changiz Khan in fixing up the grades of Mansabdars. The jagirdar did not act alone, mugyals appointed administrative layers for revenue collection. The Jagirdar collected the revenue through his own officials like Karkun, Amir and Fotedar.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The revenue of Khalisa territory was collected and deposited in the imperial treasury. Indiacountry that occupies the greater part of South Asia. We also come across the term Zamindars besides Mansabdars and Jagirdars in the official Mughal records. The difference between theses two systems was that under jagirdari system, it was not land that was assigned, but the income from the land was given to the jagirdars.
There is a view that this institution came to India with Babur.
jagirdar system | History & Facts |
Contact our editors with your feedback. The system of transfer checked the Jagirdars from developing local roots. However, the basic kf was developed during Akbar’s reign. He introduced two types of jagir: Shortly following independence from the British Crown inthe jagirdar system was abolished by the Indian government in However, in practice, jagirs became hereditary to the male lineal mguhals of the jagirdar.
Under the Mughals, the areas assigned were generally called Jagir and its holders Jagirdars. History of Alienations in the Province of Sind. This type of jagir was effective administrative machinery introduced by Akbar to accommodate local zamindars in the Mughal oligarchy. The system was developed to appropriate the surplus from the peasantry and distribute systwm among the nobles. The salary was paid either in cash in that case they were called Naqdi or through the assignment of a Jagir, the latter being the preferable mode.
The foundation of jagirdari system was laid by Akbar; jagidrari in rudimentary form it was evolved by Sher Shah Suri. In Bombay he encouraged Western learning and science,….
They also maintained armed forces and forts depending on their status. Thank you for your feedback. The word ‘jagir’ mugghals originally grants made by Rajput Rulers to their clansmen for military services rendered or to be rendered.
The transfer system, according to him, meant that jagirdars took no interest in improving methods of cultivation, means of irrigation, and quality of crops or improving the conditions of Mughal peasantry.
Assignment of a piece of land to an individual for the purpose of collection of revenue in lieu of cash salary is an age-old practice in India.
Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Marketing, the sum of activities involved jagirdsri directing the flow of goods and services from producers…. Islam in South Asia: Jagir could consist of single portion in a village, several village or entire parganas.
The Imperial officials kept watch on the jagirdars. Transfer orders created problems for the jagirdars leading to rivalry and conflicts. The early Mughal emperors 16th century wished to abolish it, preferring to reward their officials with cash salaries, but it was reintroduced by the later emperors and contributed greatly to the weakening of the Mughal state.
Mughwls the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Thus the Mansabdars, Jagirdars and Zamindars were a part of the Mughal nobility which acted as a prop of the Mughal administrative structure created by Akbar and nurtured by his successors.
Jagir Hasil-a-kamil, where maximum land revenue was collected. This kept the jagirdar in loss, if they were in areas where Rabi cultivation was taking place as the prices were less than Kharif.
Abul Fazl states that Akbar provided 66 grades of Mansabdars ranging from commanders of 10 horsemen to 10, horsemen but he gives a list of 33 grades of Mansabdars.